Blue & Gold and Black: Racial Integration of the U.S. Naval by Robert J. Schneller Jr.

By Robert J. Schneller Jr.

During the 20 th century, the U.S. Naval Academy advanced from a racist establishment to at least one that ranked equivalent chance between its primary tenets. this variation was once now not with out its social fee, notwithstanding, and black midshipmen bore the brunt of it.

Blue & Gold and Black is the historical past of integration of African americans into the Naval Academy. The ebook examines how civil rights advocates’ calls for for equivalent chance formed the Naval Academy’s evolution. writer Robert J. Schneller Jr. analyzes how alterations within the Academy’s guidelines and tradition affected the lives of black midshipmen, in addition to how black midshipmen effected swap within the Academy’s rules and culture.

such a lot institutional heritage is written from the pinnacle down, whereas such a lot social heritage is written from the ground up. in line with the documentary checklist in addition to at the thoughts of hundreds of thousands of midshipmen and naval officials, Blue & Gold and Black comprises either views. by means of studying either the establishment and the person, a way more exact photo emerges of the way racial integration happened on the Naval Academy.

Schneller takes a biographical method of social historical past. via written correspondence, responses to questionnaires, memoirs, and oral histories, African American midshipmen recount their reviews of their personal phrases. instead of environment adrift their humanity and individuality in oceans of facts, Schneller makes use of their first-hand reminiscences to supply insights into the Academy’s tradition that can't be won from professional files. overlaying the Jim Crow period, the civil rights circulation, and the empowerment of African americans from the overdue Nineteen Sixties during the finish of the 20th century, Blue & Gold and Black strains the transformation of an establishment that produces women and men who lead not just the army, but in addition the nation.

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